The growth and the advancement in technology has brought about much changes in the way different people handle certain activities. The farming sector has not been left behind in the course of this technological revolution –farmers can use a number of advanced technology for high production, reduction of cost of production, as well as in the ease of communication. Farmers nowadays make use of various smart framing tools to make the farming quite easy and productive. For example, the GPS and GIS technologies can have significant impacts in farming.
One of the important goals of any farmer is to maximize outputs while at the same time, minimizing the involved costs. How would you love it to here that there are technologies that you can embrace to seamlessly help you achieve this goal? The adoption of technology in agriculture has led to the introduction of a variety of smart options to help you improve your farming in many different ways. For example, there are crops that are designed in such a way that they only do well in certain area. The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is useful to farmers in such cases –it can help you determine which types of crops are suited in a certain area.
Examples of Smart Farming Solutions
The use of technology in farming has revolutionized modern farming. Presently, people do not farm without a clear plan on what to plan or even the expected returns. The introduction of precision farming, which makes use of the GPS on the field has led to improved production in farming, while at the same time making farming quite easy. As GPS technology is used in precision farming, farmers are provided with information such as weather and vegetation details, collected by drones from the sky.
Here are some of the examples of smart farming solutions that you can implement in your farm for better farming practices:
- Precision farming –get data from machines
The use of precision farming can not only help you get better yields but also reduce on your costs. With such agriculture technology, you do not need to apply fertilizer on your crops. The reason for this is that you use sensors on machines to get reliable details about the crops such that you know which crops to plant, and expect them to do well in certain areas. The fact that you are no longer going to use fertilizer on the field is an environmental benefit in that there will be no pollution of rivers and streams, from surface run-off.
- Use of drones and satellites –date from the sky
The information on what is needed by crops for them to grow can be of great help to your farming. The availability of the appropriate amount of water, nutrients, and sunlight make plants grow. However, the growth of crops is affected by little drought water and too much flooding. Satellite technology such as the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) can be used in the collection of the earth’s passive microwave energy. Such information can be useful forecasting crop production, as well as in monitoring flooding, and drought.
- Real-time mapping (online data)
There are applications, such as the CropScape, that are developed to help in giving acreage estimation based on the types of crops. Such technologies gives you a chance to have an overview of the number of crops growing in a certain region. Moreover, such technology can be used in pesticide control, change in land cover, as well as in food security. For example, the AgroMap of the UN is used in breaking down primary food crops based on land use statistics of the global spatial database.
If you are engaging in large scale farming, you can consider using online tools such as the plan hardiness, which helps you to get information on the growing areas appropriate for certain types of crops.
- Mashing sets of data (modelling)
Nowadays, it has become easy for researchers to mash data sets together for the primary goal of having a clear understanding of crop production. Modelling is one of the significant smart farming solutions that can help you improve your production in farming. The reason for this is that there are numerous crop productivity monitoring tools such as Crop Assimilation Model (CAM) that you can use to make a clear farming plan.
As the crops grow, they need enough moisture. However, the fact that each crop’s moisture requirement is different makes it hard to ascertain the Length of Growing Period (LGP). However, the Erosion-Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) can be used in modelling the requirements of crops in terms of irrigation and crop yields with respect to the change in climate. On the other hand, the water quantity can be predicted by the Agricultural Non-Profit Source (AGNPS) Model.
On the other hand, the Versatile Soil Moisture Budget (VSMB) is used in the stimulation of conditions of soil moisture with much consideration on runoff, rainfall, and evapotranspiration among other factors.
Technology has revolutionized agriculture and led to an improvement in production, and reduction in cost. As evident, sophisticated models, webmaps, drones, satellites, and precision farming are some of the modern smart farming solutions that you can use presently to improve your crop yield. However, these are not the only available farming solutions –there are many more. As a modern farmer, there is more to understand than just what seeds you need. For example, you need to be aware of the climate, required machinery, disease, insects, weather, nutrients, weeds, and soil, among other elements.
With the available smart farming solutions, it is easy for you to make your farming extremely simple and profitable since you are farming based on reliable data. All you need is take some time to learn more about any given smart farming solution before you adopt it.
Share any information you might have on other smart farming solutions?