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The Pros and Cons of Intensive Farming

Intensive farming is one of the latest techniques that results in enhanced yield and productivity. In this process, livestock is kept indoors and excessive usage of fertilizers is being done on a small piece of land. The basic methodology of intensive farming is to meet the food demand and prevent or overcome any shortages. Following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of intensive farming.

Intensive farming is such an agriculture technique that aims at maximizing the output from a particular land. The technique of supplying livestock also incorporates intensive farming. When applying this technique agricultural produce is enhanced, and food is available in large quantities. Such high level of output is achieved by using fertilizers and pesticides that reduces soil decay.

Agricultural food items such as meat and eggs that are widely available in the markets manifest intensive farming methodologies. The technique may sound a bit cruel, but it does save lives, says Jay Rayner of the Observer. Many of the developed economies incorporate intensive farming, which signifies the importance of this farming technique. Intensive aquaculture, sustainable farming and management intensive livestock and grazing all form part of intensive farming.


  • One of the fundamental advantages of intensive farming is that the farm yield is extremely high.
  • With the help of intensive farming, supervision of the land becomes easier.
  • The farm produce such as fruits and vegetables are less expensive when intensive farming techniques are employed. The resultant food helps people in maintaining balanced and healthy diet.
  • The entire process of farming has become more economical than ever before, and this is because of the intensive farming techniques.
  • Intensive farming techniques are based on the EPA (Environment Protection Agency) guidelines. Therefore, the resultant agricultural produce is affordable and healthy as well.
  • When applying intensive farming techniques, large output can be achieved at a comparatively smaller piece of land. This result in farming related economies of scale.


  • A large number of fertilizers and pesticides are used, which may result in increased pollution. Overcrowding of the livestock is another disadvantage of intensive farming.
  • Research studies have indicated the fact that intensive farming has a considerable effect on environment. Excessive use of fertilizers also contaminates water bodies, i.e. rivers and lakes etc.

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